Interdisciplinary Seminar: Paul De Boeck, The Ohio State University

Response Accuracy and Response Time in Cognitive Tests

Presented by Paul De Boeck, The Ohio State University

Friday, December 18
12 p.m. ET

It is an old and still unresolved issue how much a cognitive test score reflects ability and how much it reflects speed. The well-known speed-accuracy tradeoff does not make an answer to the question easier. In the presentation I will report the results of my research steps to investigate the problem. Briefly summarized, the findings are as follows. First, the correlation of ability and speed across persons depends on the test. Second, based on different kinds of modeling and different kinds of data, there seem to be remaining item-wise dependencies (i.e., conditional dependencies) between response accuracy and response time after controlling for the underlying latent variables. Third, the remaining dependencies depend on the difficulties of the test items and the dependencies also are curvilinear. I will present an explanation for the findings, and a tentative, complex answer to the old question what is being measured in a cognitive test.

This session is jointly sponsored by the Statistics department and the Research Methods, Measurement, and Evaluation program, University of Connecticut (UCONN), New England Statistical Society (NESS) and Statistical and Applied Mathematical Institute (SAMSI) as part of online interdisciplinary seminar series on statistical methodology for social and behavioral research.